Periodontal or gum disease is an infection that affects tissues that hold teeth in place. It is among the most common dental disorders that our dentists encounter. However, gum disease varies based on severity. Some of the symptoms of gum disease include swollen gums, red gums, and bleeding gums when flossing or brushing.
Gingivitis is different from periodontitis. Gum disease that is left untreated for a long time advances and becomes periodontitis, which is a more severe condition. You can prevent or detect gum disease by learning about some of its causes.
What are some of the causes of gum disease?
One of the lesser known causes of gum disease is prescription medication. Some medications have adverse side effects on your mouth, such as reducing saliva production. It leaves your mouth dry, which encourages the spread of bacteria.
If you have a concern about the health of your gums, make sure you discuss the prescription with your doctor. Similarly, make sure you talk to our NHS dentist in Oxford as soon as you notice any soreness, swelling or redness in your gums.
Teeth can sometimes overlap and become crooked. A crowded mouth encourages a breeding ground for bacteria that cause gum disease. Bacteria build up more when you have misaligned teeth, which harms your gums and teeth. You can prevent this by taking extra care of your misaligned teeth by brushing and flossing often. The ultimate solution, however, would be to visit an NHS dentist in Oxford for treatment for misaligned teeth.
Plaque is a leading cause of gum disease. The mouth is filled with bacteria that form a sticky film called plaque after combing with saliva. The plaque accumulates on your teeth. Bacteria in plaque convert the carbohydrates contained in sugary or starchy foods into the energy necessary to produce acid. Over time, the acid contained in plaque breaks down on the surface of your tooth and causes tooth decay. You can avoid the accumulation of plaque by brushing and flossing often.
Hormones rise and fall for females during the monthly menstrual cycles or when they are pregnant. Consequently, the hormonal shifts leave your gums prone to gum disease. But, it doesn’t mean that you automatically get gum disease or an issue with your teeth. It only implies that you need to take extra care of your teeth and mouth to prevent gum disease. If you experience any sign of gum disease, make sure you visit an NHS dentist in Oxford right away. However, the symptoms often fade away after pregnancy ends.
Chewing or smoking tobacco interferes with how the gum tissue cells function. As such, your mouth is left vulnerable to infections, such as gum disease. Smoking or chewing tobacco is a leading cause of gum disease. Therefore, you can protect your gums and prevent other health concerns by avoiding smoking.
Not all causes of gum disease are preventable, family genes for example. However, most of them can be prevented. Generally, gum disease is avoidable when you practice proper oral hygiene. Also, make sure you visit our clinic for regular dental cleans.